For sixty years following World War II large sums of money were spent on biomedical research. The expanding body of knowledge in science and technology required a conceptual framework for utilization. Society responded by giving preference to the quest for cures over the quest for good health and focused upon treating sickness to protect health.
Medical care is an action oriented response to sickness. It relies upon the expertise of certified professionals to diagnose and manage illness, disease, injury and disability as they occur in each individual patient. The expanding influence of commerce and politics created a medical care industry that surrounds and shapes the professional core of medical care to favor diagnosis and treatment of illness, disease, injury and disability over achieving and maintaining optimum health. In that context the dominant national mind-set for health became the response to sickness.